Chapter 1. Letter, Word, Sentence (Cont'd...)
1.1 Introduction (cont'd...)
Again, when we systematically arrange some words one after another, it can express
a full idea of mind. Such as God is good. It can express a complete meaning.
It is called a sentence. So sentence is a well combination or arrangement of words
expressing a complete sense. If the arrangement lacks a complete sense, it cannot be
a sentence. Table 1.1 provides some examples of sentences or not.
Table 1.1 Example of sentences or not
|Collection of words
||Sentence or not
|Ram is the son of Dasharath.
|The son Dasharath Ram is
|We have a play ground.
||We play ground have.
Now we see that there are some rules to make this arrangement, i.e. construction
and science of the sounds and inflations. All these together is called grammar. In a
book of grammar of any language, all those rules are laid down.
1.2 Subject and predicate
If we consider a sentence as a unit of complete sense of a speaker, this unit can be
parted into two. One is subject and the other is predicate. Generally in a sentence
something is said about someone or something. What is said is the predicate and
about whom it is said is subject.
Man is mortal. In this sentence something is said about man. So ‘man’ is the
subject and what is said about man is ‘is mortal’. Here ‘is mortal’ is predicate. Thus
predicate is a part where something is stated about the subject. The subject consists
of one or more than one word. The predicate also may be of one or more than one
word. For few more examples look at the table 1.2.
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