Chapter 1. Letter, Word, Sentence (Cont'd...)
1.3 Classification of sentences (cont'd...)
Sentences cannot be form without subject or predicate. In a simple sentence,
subject is one and predicate is one. In the preceding sentences please
observed the subject (underlined words) and predicate (not underline words).
The boy is intelligent.
Swami Vivekananda is the cyclonic monk of the world.
A sentence consists of two parts: subject and predicate.
2. Complex sentence: Here the construction of the sentence is not so simple. There
might be more than one subject and more than one finite verb. It is a large
sentence. In this sentence, there are like sentences having subject and predicate.
Such as: When we came to the house, we found that the main gate had been
In this sentence, we found three subjects (‘we’, ‘we’, ‘main gate’
) ; three
finite verbs/ predicates (‘came’, ‘found’, ‘had been closed’
) and three clauses,
viz. (i) ‘when we came to the house’
(ii) ‘we found’
(iii) ‘the main gate had been
. About the clause, we shall read about it in detail in chapter 11
3. Compound sentence: We may simply define it as a sentence having more than
one principal clause. The subordinate clause may exist or not. At this point
reader may not understand the clause. We shall devote a full chapter on clause
that, the meaning of compound sentence will be clear.
1.4 Forms of the sentences
A simple sentence can be divided into various parts and generally those parts take
their position according to their function. Generally in an assertive sentences, subject
comes first, then finite verb and then object and its qualifying words. Thus the most
simplest pattern could be written as subject + verb + object + its qualifying words.
As for example, consider the following sentence: An old grandmother was telling her
grand children, the story of Mahabharata. In this sentence the subject is ‘An old
grandmother’; the verb is ‘was telling’, and the object is ‘her grand children, the
story of Mahabharata’.
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