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English Grammar Tutorials

  • Preface & Content
  • Letter, Word, Sentence
  • Parts of speech
  • Pronoun
  • Adjective
  • Adverb
  • Articles
  • Number and Gender
  • Person and Case
  • Mood and Modal verbs
  • Tense
  • Clause
  • Voice
  • Narration
  • Punctuation
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Participles and Gerunds
  • Transformation of sentences
  • Phrasal verb
  • Exercise
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  • Simple Conjugate
  • Chapter 9. Mood and Modal Verbs

    Mood

    9.1 Mood

    Mood is the manner or form of verbs in which they serve to indicate their function in a sentence. There are four types of mood, namely, Indicative, Imperative, Subjunctive, and Infinitive.

    Indicative mood indicates simple statement of fact or a question. as (a) Honesty is the best policy (b) Is it true?

    Imperative Mood expresses a command and or a request, advice, or prayer. For example:

    (a) Go ahead.
    (b) Please give me a book.
    (c) Give everyone the ear and few thy voice.
    (d) O God, give us strength to own our weakness.

    Subjunctive mood expresses a wish, or purpose, or condition or a supposition contrary yo the fact. such as

    (a) Long live the king.
    (b) Oh! had I the wings of a dove!
    (c) If he be there, it may not happen.

    Mind that subjunctive mood implies a mere supposition while Indicative mood implies a fact. as:

    (i) I wish it were possible. (subjunctive)
    (ii) If I was strong enough to work, I am strong enough to look after me. (indicative).

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