English Grammar Tutorials

  • Preface & Content
  • Letter, Word, Sentence
  • Parts of speech
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  • Mood and Modal verbs
  • Tense
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  • Voice
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  • Participles and Gerunds
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  • Simple Conjugate
  • Chapter 17. Participles and Gerunds (Cont'd...)


    17.2 Gerunds

    Let us look at the following sentences. Particularly observe the ing words.
    Ragging is prohibited.
    Swimming is a good exercise.
    The king is fond of hunting deer.
    Stop writing.
    Seeing is believing.
    The old man needs a walking stick.
    I do not know what is cheating.

    In all the above sentences the verbs ‘swim’, ‘hunt’, ‘write’, ‘walk’, ‘cheat’ take ing after them and work as subject, object, compound noun, subject and complement, and complement respectively. All the above ‘ing’ verbs are known as gerund as they work as verb-noun, i.e. dual function.

    More examples of noun compounds are diving board, waiting list, weight lifting, lorry driving, bird-watching, coal-mining, surf-riding, laughing gas, drinking water, sleeping room, waiting room, etc.

    17.2.1 Rules of using gerunds

    (i) When a verb is placed immediately after a preposition, the gerund form must be used.
    He is addicted to gambling/ smoking/ drinking.
    Abstain from speaking evil of others.
    We have no objection to bearing your story again.
    Do you touch your toes without bending your knees.
    He is good at driving car.
    She is fond of climbing mountains.
    I’m too afraid of losing you.
    Ranjan aimed at doing good in examination.
    Sayan is bent on becoming a doctor.
    The congress has no chance of winning general election.

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