Chapter 2. Parts of Speech (Cont'd...)
2.2 Noun (cont'd...)
- Proper noun: The name of a particular person, time or place is called proper
noun. For example: Ram, Calcutta, India, Sunday etc. It begins with the
capital letter in any place of the sentence they exist.
- Common noun: It is the name of living or non-living objects in general. Such as
man, cow, bird, tree, star etc.
- Collective noun: It is a group of same class of animals or things as a whole or
denoting one not separately. such as: class, fleet, army etc. Here the class
comprises more than one persons, fleet comprises more than one ship, army
comprises more than one warrior. If they denote separately in the group
then they are called noun of multitude, and they denote plural in number.
- Material noun: It is the name of matter denoting the whole, not a part. Such
as water, rice, iron, silver, gold etc. All these denote the matter wherever it is
found. When they are specified by place, they are called common noun and take
the article the before them.
The water of the Ganges.
The iron of America.
The gold of this ring.
Pronoun is a substitute word of replacing noun. It is used in stead of a noun. As for
example, I am sorry
. Here, there is a name behind ‘I’, and the pronoun ‘I’ is placed
in stead of this name. We site so many pronouns here like I, we, you, he, she, it, they
More elaborate discussion is placed on chapter 3
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