Chapter 2. Parts of Speech (Cont'd...)
Interjection expresses emotions that may be of joy, sorrow, wonder, etc. Consider
the sentence: Alas! he is ruined. The word ‘Alas’ is expressing sorrow of mind.
However according to Nesfield, “an interjection, properly speaking
is not a part of speech, since it has no grammatical connection with any other
word or words in the sentence. It is merely an exclamatory sound, thrown into a
sentence to denote the strong feelings or emotion. It lies on the borderland of the
language half way between articulate speech or inarticulate cries of animals.” Here
we listed some interjections in the Table 2.1.
Table 2.1 Examples of exclamatory words
||oh! alas! alack! ah!
||hark! hush! lo! hard! hist!
|| bravo! hear hear!
|contempt/ disgust/ ridicule
||stuff! bosh! tut-tut! pooh! pshaw!tush!
|to call someone
||Hum! hem! hump! ho! holla!
|| hash! strange!
Word of caution
We are to always remember that almost every word can change their colour when
they are put in the line of a sentence. Such as , The boy is reading a book. In this
sentence ‘book’ is noun as it is the name of the thing (concrete) i.e. that has a shape
and occupies some place. But in the sentence please book a ticket for Bombay, ‘book’ is the verb
denoting action. We may present so many examples.
He went on. ‘On’ is adverb.
Sit on the bench. ‘On’ is preposition.
Sit down please. ‘Down’ is adverb.
The boats goes down the river. Here ‘down’ is preposition.
I am happy. Here `I' is pronoun
I is a letter. Here `I' is noun because it is name of first letter in the alphabet.
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