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English Grammar Tutorials

  • Preface & Content
  • Letter, Word, Sentence
  • Parts of speech
  • Pronoun
  • Adjective
  • Adverb
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  • Number and Gender
  • Person and Case
  • Mood and Modal verbs
  • Tense
  • Clause
  • Voice
  • Narration
  • Punctuation
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Participles and Gerunds
  • Transformation of sentences
  • Phrasal verb
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  • Simple Conjugate
  • Chapter 15. Preposition

    preposition

    15.1 Introduction

    Preposition is a word governing (and normally preceding) noun or pronoun or noun equivalent expressing latter’s relation to another word. Let us take a sentence: There is a book on the table. Here preposition ‘on’ makes the relation between two nouns ‘book’ and ‘table’. Without ‘on’ it has no meaning or sense. We may list some prepositions: about, above, across, after, against, along, among, amongst, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, by, beside, besides, between, betwixt, beyond, down, during, except, for, from, in, into, of, off, over, on, round, save, through, to, toward, towards, under, underneath, upto, upon, etc.

    15.2 Forms of preposition

    Prepositions are six kinds. (i) simple preposition, (ii) double preposition, (iii) compound preposition (iv) participle preposition, (v) disguised preposition, (vi) phrasal preposition.

    1. Simple prepositions are formed singly. examples are on, in, at, of, by, with, out, up, for etc.

    2. Double prepositions are formed by two prepositions side by side. As for example: from behind, from within.
    A sound came from within the house.
    The boy was pushed from behind the screen.

    3. Compound prepositions are formed from some noun, adjective or adverb compounded with the preposition ‘be’ (by) or ‘a’ (on), before (by+force), beyond (by+yonder) etc.

    4. Participle prepositions are originally participles acquiring the character of prepositions: not withstanding, considering, regarding, concerning, etc.

    5. Disguise prepositions remain behind a letter unobserved/ unseen. ashore (=a/on shore), o’clock (=o’/ of clock), ahead, asleep, ahunting.

    7. Phrasal prepositions: Here a preposition precedes and another succeed some word/words. viz. by means of, in lien of, in front of, in spite of, in the place of, for the sake of, etc.

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