Chapter 15. Preposition
Preposition is a word governing (and normally preceding) noun or pronoun
or noun equivalent expressing latter’s relation to another word. Let us take a
sentence: There is a book on the table. Here preposition ‘on’ makes the relation
between two nouns ‘book’ and ‘table’. Without ‘on’ it has no meaning
or sense. We may list some prepositions: about, above, across, after, against,
along, among, amongst, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath,
by, beside, besides, between, betwixt, beyond, down, during, except, for,
from, in, into, of, off, over, on, round, save, through, to, toward, towards, under,
underneath, upto, upon, etc.
15.2 Forms of preposition
Prepositions are six kinds. (i) simple preposition, (ii) double preposition, (iii)
compound preposition (iv) participle preposition, (v) disguised preposition,
(vi) phrasal preposition.
1. Simple prepositions are formed singly. examples are on, in, at, of, by,
with, out, up, for etc.
2. Double prepositions are formed by two prepositions side by side. As for
example: from behind, from within.
A sound came from within the house.
The boy was pushed from behind the screen.
3. Compound prepositions are formed from some noun, adjective or adverb
compounded with the preposition ‘be’ (by) or ‘a’ (on), before (by+force),
beyond (by+yonder) etc.
4. Participle prepositions are originally participles acquiring the character of
prepositions: not withstanding, considering, regarding, concerning, etc.
5. Disguise prepositions remain behind a letter unobserved/ unseen. ashore (=a/on shore), o’clock (=o’/ of clock), ahead, asleep, ahunting.
7. Phrasal prepositions: Here a preposition precedes and another succeed
some word/words. viz. by means of, in lien of, in front of, in spite of, in
the place of, for the sake of, etc.
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