English Grammar Tutorials

  • Preface & Content
  • Letter, Word, Sentence
  • Parts of speech
  • Pronoun
  • Adjective
  • Adverb
  • Articles
  • Number and Gender
  • Person and Case
  • Mood and Modal verbs
  • Tense
  • Clause
  • Voice
  • Narration
  • Punctuation
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Participles and Gerunds
  • Transformation of sentences
  • Phrasal verb
  • Exercise
  • Correction
  • Simple Conjugate
  • Chapter 3. Pronoun (Cont'd...)


    3.2 Use of pronouns

    1. The personal pronouns and the nouns, for which they stand, must be of the same number, gender and person. Example: The students raised their hands. She had lost her mobile. Note that, the pronouns `their' and `her' are the same number, gender and person with the noun `students' and `she' respectively.
    2. In case of nouns and pronouns of different persons occurring together, arrangement should be made according second, third, and first (rule of 231) person. For example: You, Ram and I shall go together (must work together). Ratan and I tried our best. You and John did not finish your work.
    3. If a pronoun stands for noun or pronoun of different persons (including the first person), it should be of the first person; and if it stands for noun or pronoun of second and third person, it should be of the second person. Such as: Ram and I want our books. You and Ram did not do your task.
    4. If two singular nouns which refer to the same person are joined by and, the pronoun referring to them must be singular. But if the two nouns refer to different persons, the pronouns used for them must be plural. Such as: The Headmaster and secretary of the school (both are same person) has contributed his savings for development of the school. The Headmaster and the Secretary (different person) have their different opinions in this matter.
    5. The pronouns used for two or more singular nouns joined by and, must be plural. Ram and Rahim went to their teacher. On the contrary, the pronoun is singular when used for two singular nouns, joined by and, but qualified by each or every. Example: Each boy and each girl did his or her best.
    6. The pronoun used for two singular nouns connected by either or, neither nor, should be singular. But if one of the nouns happens to be plural, the pronouns referring to them must be plural. Such as: Either Ram or his sister received her prize. Neither the boy nor the girls did their task.
    7. The pronoun used for a collective noun must be singular and of the neuter Gender. The committee has its opinion.

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