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English Grammar Tutorials

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  • Chapter 10. Tense

    Tense

    10.1 Introduction on Tense

    Tense is the time of action of a verb. Time can never stop. A watch or clock may stop; but time is ceaseless flow like a stream which is unlimited and it does not depend on anything.

    Time is preliminary divided into three phases viz. past, present and future. Time which denotes ago or before is past. Time which denotes now is present, and time denotes after or later is future.

    When the action of a verb is within the periferi of now is called present tense. As for example: We play football. The students read in class V. Here the action of play and read is neither passes away nor is coming later. So they are in present tense. Now see the change of the form of the same verb according to their time of actions. The students who are in school now, were at home in the morning and in the evening. They will be at home again.

    The present, past, and future tense are subdivided into four parts (groups) as according to the four sense of action viz. (a) simple (b) continuing (c) continuing for a period of time or from a particular point of time, and (d) completion of action. The divisions of tense are shown in Table 10.1.

    Table 10.1 Division of tense

    Present tense Past tense Future tense
    simple/Indefinite simple/Indefinite simple/Indefinite
    continuous continuous continuous
    perfect tense perfect tense perfect tense
    perfect continuous perfect continuous perfect continuous

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