Chapter 10. Tense (Cont'd...)
10.4 Perfect tense
10.4.1 Present perfect tense
It denotes (i) an action just completed, and (ii) to express the past action, the result
of which still continues. Examples:
I have come to meet you.
We have been here for a week.
In the above two examples please note the verb form is have/ has + past participle (
PP) of the principal verb
10.4.2 Past perfect tense
It expresses the past action before another past action. Here, verb form is had + PP
of the main verb. For example: The patient had died before the doctor came.
The tense denotes the action that will happen in future/ later. Such as: I shall go
there. Here the verb is in present form along with shall/ will (shall/will +verb in
10.4.3 Future perfect tense
It describes the action that is to be finished in future time. One of the two future
actions, the action happening first is expressed in the future perfect tense. Please
note the verb form is shall have/will have + PP of main verb. For example:
I shall have finished my work by this time tomorrow.
I shall have taken meal before I shall start.
I shall have reached there before you get up.
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