English Grammar Tutorials

  • Preface & Content
  • Letter, Word, Sentence
  • Parts of speech
  • Pronoun
  • Adjective
  • Adverb
  • Articles
  • Number and Gender
  • Person and Case
  • Mood and Modal verbs
  • Tense
  • Clause
  • Voice
  • Narration
  • Punctuation
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Participles and Gerunds
  • Transformation of sentences
  • Phrasal verb
  • Exercise
  • Correction
  • Simple Conjugate
  • Chapter 10. Tense (Cont'd...)


    10.7 Syntax (cont'd...)

  • An infinitive, a gerund, a verbal noun, a phrase or a clause as subject is treated with the third person singular and verb takes form accordingly.
    To do this sum is not easy.
    Speaking is easier than writing.
    The learning of English is very necessary today.
    That he will come is not certain.
    Success at any cost leads to wrong track.
  • A collective noun takes a singular verb and the noun of multitude takes verb in plural number.
    Fifty dollars is not enough for him.
    The jury are divided in their opinions.
  • If the subject and complement differ in number the verb must agree with the subject.
    Their best help is the village boys.
  • Singular noun or phrase joined by and takes singular verb if they denotes one as a whole.
    To take pay and not to do work is dishonesty.
    Slow and steady wins the race.
    Bread and butter is my only food.
    The novelist and poet and artist is no more now.
  • The word what may refer both singular and plural. The number of the verb must be consistence with the reference.
    What puzzles me are the sight I saw.
    What strikes me most there is its wonderful waterfalls.
    What is required is articles at fair price.
  • The position of nouns and pronouns of different persons are arranged in the manner 2nd, 3rd, and 1st.
    If they do not confess faults, you, he and I shall go there.
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