English Grammar Tutorials

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  • Chapter 12. Voice (Cont'd...)


    12.1 Rules of changing voice from active to passive (cont'd...)

  • Then always remember the following: In case of passive, object comes in the form of subject with an extra verb ‘be’ and parts participle ( PP) of the main verb, and the subject becomes the object (in form) preceded by ‘by’.
  • The form of the verb ‘be’ will take the form according to the Table 12.1 for different tenses.

    Table 12.1 The form of ‘be’ in different Tense

    Present Past Future
    Indefinite be/am/is/are was/were be
    Continuous being being being
    Perfect been been been
    Perfect Continuous - - -

    Now look at the following examples:
    Active voice: Ravana abducted Sitadevi.
    Passive voice: Sitadevi was abducted by Ravana.

    Active voice: He loves me.
    Passive voice: I am loved by him.

    From the above two examples please observe that when there is be/ am/ is/ are/ was/ were/ being/ been with the past participle form of the main verb, the verb is in passive form.

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