B.Pharm Lab. Instruction Manuals

Pharmacology I

APHE Anatomy, Physiology, and Health Education

Pharmaceutical Analysis

Pharmacy study material

Bones and Skeleton System

Bone disease (Gout) (Rheumatoid arthritis) (Osteoarthritis) (Osteoporosis)

Cancer and music therapy

Memory of water

Rheumatoid arthritis: Cause, Diagnosis and Treatment (cont'd...)

Rheumatoid arthritis treatment

It is treated with disease modifying anti-rheumatoid drugs (DMARDs). This variety of arthritis drug works by curbing the underlying processes that cause certain forms of inflammatory arthritis including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). These drugs not only treat arthritis symptoms, but they have capability to slow down progressive joint destruction.

Classification of DMARDs


a. 1st line therapy: Sulfasalazine, Methotrexate (MTX), Leflunomide, d-Penicillamince, Chlorquine, Hydroxochlorquine.

b. 2nd line therapy: Azathioprine, Glucocorticoids, Gold (Auranofin, Aurathiomalate), Minocycline, Cyclosporins, Cyclophosphamide.


a. Anti-TNF agents: Etanercept, Infliximab, Adalimumab.

b. Anti-IL-1 agents: Rituximsb, Anakinra.

Arthritis Teatment

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