B.Pharm Lab. Instruction Manuals

Pharmacology I

APHE Anatomy, Physiology, and Health Education

Pharmaceutical Analysis

Pharmacy study material

Bones and Skeleton System

Bone disease (Gout) (Rheumatoid arthritis) (Osteoarthritis) (Osteoporosis)

Cancer and music therapy

Memory of water

Memory of water (cont'd...)


Opposition to the theory

First the concept of water memory came from an experiment of Jacques. His research with antibodies and the basophil response resulted in a great controversy with the scientific community. His research shown that, basophils created a similar histamine response when exposed to a homeopathically prepared solution of antibodies (IgE) as they did to a crude form of antibody exposure. His work was published in Nature magazine and was then immediately attacked by the scientific community. Afterwards the results of his research found to be non reproducible. Since that time to date many researchers are working to divulge the truth behind it which can be a rational explanation of therapeutic effect of homeopathic medicine. But there is so many anti-logic of the theory:

They mostly concern arguments involving the ease with which hydrogen bonds between water molecules may break. Individual hydrogen bonds last in liquid water for about a picosecond. Based on this one fact the opinion may be proffered that the mesoscopic structure of water must change on about the same time scale [1] . Although this may be true on a molecular level not the behavior in a large domain. Ice cubes last far longer than picoseconds and therefore the organization of the grouping of water molecules is still maintained. Therefore, individual breaking of hydrogen bonds can continue to happen but they will be drawn back into formation in their new bonding. Another one fact is that in the absence of other materials or surfaces, the specific hydrogen bonding pattern surrounding a solute does not persist when the solute is removed. This may be demonstrated by the change in the water density as salt is removed [1]. A further argument proffer against water having a memory is that water molecules must, in their past, been in multitudinous contact with almost infinite animate and inanimate objects and therefore cannot possibly 'remember' this whole history [1]. Another reason the memory of water theory is so widely challenged is because it goes against popular theories of immunologic, hormonal and cellular function. The most widely accepted theory of immune response, mechanism of action of hormone or drugs, which act through receptor or enzyme is the lock and key model. If the memory of water theory is accepted, it would mean that all cells can receive information based on an energetic imprint, creating a specific structure of organization within the water molecules. If cells in the body are able to respond to the medicinal message of the homeopathic remedy, the whole concept of a physical .lock and key would have to be reconsidered. The memory of water theory also challenges the Sodium Potassium Pump system of cells. However, one treatment have to be effective in all group of patients suffering from same disease, if it is to be proven as an useful treatment option for that disease, which homeopathic medicine often fails and further experiments are required to establish the basis of the therapeutic effect of homeopathic medicine as well as the water memory theory.


[1] MF. Chaplin, "The Memory of Water: an overview", Homeopathy, vol. 96, no. 3, pp. 143-50, Jul 2007.

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